Matic transmissions, there are really only a few symbols more or less the composition operation based P-R-N-D-L or other symbol such as a number 3 or 2 and even 1. The symbol P means parking, used when parking or stopping. While R means reverse, is used when the retreat. N means the neutral gear position while D is the normal driving mode or Drive.
In addition to the fourth symbol, there's more of an L, which means low gear. It is very rarely used. While the numeric symbols are generally composed of 3, 2 or 1. It shows the upper limit of the gear shift that can occur when driving. Well, the understanding of the function symbol of L or the numbers 3, 2 and 1 is often misunderstood one.
On the ramp, sometimes matic transmission users to shift the transmission lever from D to position 3, 2 or 1 even L. The reason, refer to the manual transmission applications. That use a lower gear is intended to gain greater torque. In fact, although the gear shift remained in position D, the automatic transmission system is still able to make adjustments to the gear selection as needed.
Then what is the role of symbols L, 3, 2 or 1?
Besides useful to restrict the movement of gear so as not to be in overdrive position, also for applications on a downgrade. By moving the gear shift lever position to a lower gear, will get a better engine braking to assist the primary brake system when driving on a downgrade. While the application of low gear (L) will be very useful when a steep decline through the streets or at the very extreme route with a maximum weight of the vehicle.
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